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Natural resources


In Mexico it is represented 12% of Earth’s terrestrial diversity, therefore the country is among the group of those called “megadiverse”.

Wildlife conservation and protection are priorities of Mexico's environment policy. The National Commission for Protected Natural Areas manages 176 federal natural areas which cover more than 25 million acres.


Ecosystem Diversity

Mexico's ecosystem diversity is significant, allowing to produce a wide variety of agricultural products. The largest areas concentrate on spring-summer harvests.

Irrigation farming is practiced mainly in dry and semi-dry areas with modern technology oriented to single-crop-farming.


Mexico has many natural resources that favor the development of a large number of production activities, including those related to renewable energy generation.

Some of Mexico's strengths in this area are:

  • Potential to generate wind power estimated at 71,000 megawatts.

  • Potential to generate hydroelectric power estimated at 53,000 megawatts.

  • Potential to generate geothermal energy estimated at 40,000 megawatts.


Mexico has a long tradition of mining production which plays an important role in the country's economic activity, mainly in the industrial sector.

Mexico is globally known for its mineral production, particularly silver, copper, bismuth, arsenic, lead and zinc.

Some of Mexico's strengths in this area are:

  • It is the world's largest silver producer.

  • It is the world's seventh petroleum producer.

  • One of the first copper-producing countries throughout the world.

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