ProMéxico MIM


In Mexico it is represented 12% of Earth's terrestrial diversity, therefore the country is among the group of those called "megadiverse".

Wildlife conservation and protection are priorities of Mexico's environment policy. The National Commission for Protected Natural Areas manages 176 federal natural areas, which cover more than 25 million acres.

Class Number Surface
Biosphere reserves 41 12,751,149
Natural parks 66 1,411,319
Natural monuments 5 16,269
Protected natural resources areas 8 4,503,345
Protected flora and fauna areas 39 6,795,963
Sanctuaries 18 150,193
Total 177 25,628,238

Source: National Commission of Natural Protected Areas (CONANP), 2016.

Ecosystem Diversity

Mexico's ecosystem diversity is significant, allowing to produce a wide variety of agricultural products. The largest areas concentrate on spring-summer harvests.

Irrigation farming is practiced mainly in dry and semi-dry areas with modern technology oriented to single-crop-farming.


Mexico has many natural resources that favor the development of a large number of production activities, including those related to renewable energy generation.

Some of Mexico's strengths in this area are:

  • Potential to generate wind power estimated at 87,600 GWh per year.
  • Potential to generate hydroelectric power estimated at 44,180 GWh per year.
  • Potential to generate geothermal energy estimated at GWh per year.


Mexico has a long tradition of mining production that plays an important role in the country's economic activity, mainly in the industrial sector.

Mexico globally known for its mineral production, particularly silver, copper, bismuth, lead and zinc.

Some of Mexico's strengths in this area are:

  • It is the world's largest silver producer.
  • It is the world's tenth copper producer.
  • It is the world's tenth petroleum producer.