Mexico's cultural wealth is worldwide-renown. In addition to easiness to doing business, the country provides a cultural environment favorable to the investors who seek for artistic entertainment options.

There are more than a thousand festivities and folkloric celebrations throughout the year, featuring dances, music, songs and expressions of the extraordinary cultural diversity, characteristic to the country. The gastronomy richness stands out at an international level.

Outstanding Festivals

Throughout 2016, 132 Film Festivals were celebrated in Mexico. The ones from Guadalajara and Morelia are considered among the top 10 in Latin America.

The Guadalajara International Book Fair (FIL)

Is the leading literary and editorial convention of its kind for the Spanish-speaking world.

In 2016, Latin America was the guest of honor. It received 800,821 visitors; 2,042 publishing houses from 47 countries participated; as well as 20,473 book professionals and 319 literary agents. 125 companies participated in the Rights Hall; there were 182,720 attendees to FIL Kids and 163 FIL Youth activities; 3,332 journalists representing 554 certified media covered the FIL; there were 600 book presentations, 171 literary forums, 33 academic forums, 114 artistic and musical activities, and 250 activities for professionals; 24 awards and homages were granted and 67 sponsors contributed.

In 2017, FIL Guadalajara will be held from November, 25th to December, 3rd and Madrid will be the guest of honor.


The Cervantino International Festival

Is the most prestigious cultural and artistic festival in Mexico and Latin America and one among the World's Top 4.

For the XLV edition France and Estado de México were guest of honor. The Festival included the participation of more than 2,350 national and international artists from 35 countries. More than 850 activities were organized with an attendance of 361,572 spectators.

As an special occasion the Festival Internacional Cervantino was held from October, 2nd to October, 23rd with the XXVI International Colloquium as a framework, which became part of the Cervantino activities in order to highlight the importance of honoring 400 years of Cervantes' death. This was the main commemoration on the subject in the world.

The Festival operated the program Cervantino para Todos and sub-programs: Cervantino en tu comunidad, Una comunidad al Cervantino, Formación de Públicos y Diálogos Cervantinos, Enrique Ruelas Project, Fic Incluyente, Academia Cervantina and Más allá de Guanajuato.

The website received 1.7 million visits and more than 900 thousand followers on social networks.

The Festival Internacional Cervantino will celebrate 45 years on 2017. India and Aguascalientes will be guest of honor. The main subject will be El futuro de hoy.


Guadalajara International Film Festival

The Guadalajara International Film Festival (FICG) seeks to promote and disseminate the film production in Latin America through the meeting and collaboration of their industries, formation of new talents and distribution of films in the region so that they can access a wider audience.

The 34th FICG edition will take place from March 8th to 15th, 2019.

It has the five competitive sections. The FICG´s program displays different sidebars addressing particular themes and approaches.


Morelia International Film Festival

The Morelia International Film Festival (FICM) mission is to promote new talents in Mexican cinema, to increase the offering of quality cinema and to contribute to the cultural and tourist activities in the state of Michoacán.

The 16th FICM will be held from October 20 to 28, 2018.

FICM has four official sections in competition, all of which involve exclusively Mexican films. The festival also organizes a Michoacán Short Film Screenplay Contest that is open to scriptwriters born or residing in the state.

Since 2014, FICM includes an Online Mexican Short Film Selection, composed by some of the short films from the Official Selection.


Cultural infrastructure

Mexico has world-class infrastructure. In recent years, the country has received international awards for the capacity and quality of its venues.

Mexico is ranked third in the world with 10 World Heritage cities, behind Italy (16 cities) and Spain (14 cities).

Mexico is the leader in the Americas in the number of UNESCO World Heritage sites. Of Mexico's 32 World Heritage Sites, 4 are natural, 27 are cultural and 1 is mixed.

There are an estimated 125,000 historical monuments throughout Mexico.

The National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) has 187 archeological landmarks open to public, 47,000 archaeological sites registered, 48 landmarks with archeological declared monuments, 121 open museums open to public, 620,000 items cataloged in custody, 116,000 catalog cards of historical properties, 11,000 registered historical monuments, 59 historic declared landmarks, 3 schools, 68 libraries and 34 photo libraries.

In addition to the proverbial hospitality of the Mexican people, the country's beaches and wide biodiversity of natural sceneries, Mexico has 116 tourism destinations named "Magical Towns" because of their cultural wealth.

Mexico's Auditorio Nacional is the main stage in Latin America for live shows. Since its renovation and reopening in 1991 by architects Abraham Zabludovsky and Teodoro González de León, it has received more than 31 million attendees to shows by important artists from diverse music genres, as well as prestigious opera and ballet companies. It has been granted Best International Venue of the World Award by Billboard in 2007. Currently is recognized Year End Worldwide Ticket Sales Top 200 in the Theatre Venues category by Polistar magazine, as the theater that sold the most tickets in the world during 2016.

Mexico has the largest film exhibition infrastructure in Latin America and the second ranked in the Americas. The country has 6,633 cinematographic screens. It is also the Latin American country with higher number of attendees to movie theaters and the fourth globally (338 million people in 2017).

Mexico offers:

Museums 1,310   Cathedrals 82
Theaters 658   Music Libraries 27
Cultural Centers 1,954   Photo Libraries 117
Galleries 943   State Agencies Culture 32
Auditoriums 893   Secretariat of Culture Offices 224
Libraries 7,436   Art & Culture Magazines 273
School and specialized libraries* 8,257   Art & Culture Electronic Magazines 134
Bookshops 1,668   Book fairs 153
Reading Rooms* 4,356   Art & Culture Festivals 623
Native Development Centers 128   Exhibitions and other artistic and cultur 139
Craft Homes 174   Arts Educations Programs 1,313
Universities 1,885   Arts Education Center 848
Mexican World Herigate Sites 34   Archeological Sites Open to the public 190

RNDGB: Libraries administrated by the National Library Network of the Secretariat of Culture.
*Latest update, 2014.
Source: Secretariat of Culture 2018.


In Mexico, it is represented between 10% and 12% of terrestrial diversity of the planet, so it is in fourth place globally within the group named mega-diverse countries.Wildlife conservation and protection are priorities of Mexico's environment policy. The National Commission for Protected Natural Areas manages 182 federal natural areas, which cover more than 90 million acres.

Class Number Surface (hectareas)
Biosphere reserves 44 62,952,750
Natural parks 67 16,220,099
Natural monuments 5 16,269
Protected natural resources areas 8 4,503,345
Protected flora and fauna areas 40 6,996,864
Sanctuaries 18 150,193
Total 182 90,839,520

Source: National Commission of Natural Protected Areas (CONANP), 2018.