Signing Reciprocal Investment Promotion and Protection Agreements (RIPPAs) is part of a strategy established by the Mexican government to provide national and foreign investors a legal framework that offers stronger protection for foreign investment in Mexico and Mexican investment abroad.
In general, RIPPAs include the following topics: investment definition, scope of application, promotion and admission, investment treatment, expropriation, transfers and resolution of Investor-State and State-State controversies.
Mexico has signed 30 of these agreements, as shown in the next table.
|RIPPAs signed by Mexico|
|Argentina||1998||Cuba||2002||Trinidad and Tobago||2007|
Source: Secretariat of Economy, 2016.
Furthermore, some of the Free Trade Agreements that Mexico has signed include a chapter on investment that is similar to a RIPPA, for example, the agreements signed with the US, Canada, Chile, Colombia and Japan.
This institutional framework brings legal certainty to businesses that decide to establish operations in Mexico.